Groups said they will reimburse 50% of the cost (up to $1,000 per landowner) for purchasing and installing fencing to keep bison off private property where landowners do not want them in the Gardiner and Hebgen Basins.
In areas with particularly high wolf predation risk, individual elk encountered wolves infrequently, limiting the potential cumulative effects of wolves on elk behavior.
Climate change in Yellowstone, said USGS, causes food plants to leaf out earlier in the year, potentially affecting migratory animals in search of forage plants ripe for eating.
Wilderness values win out over snowmobiles in the Gallatin Range.
Conservation group suggests several measures to mitigate impacts.